Scientists map Neanderthal maternal DNA

neanderthal

neanderthal

From abc.net.au:
DNA extracted from a 38,000-year-old Neanderthal bone has enabled scientists to sequence the complete mitochondrial genome for the human-like species, say scientists.
The remarkable feat, which appears in the journal Cell, has led to at least three major discoveries about the extinct stocky European individuals, representing a breakthrough for studies on the evolution of the human family.
“This is the first complete mitochondrial genome sequence from an extinct hominid,”says lead author Dr Richard Green.
Mitochondria (mtDNA), which an individual inherits from his or her mother, are cellular powerhouses that possess their own DNA and include 13 protein-coding genes.
The researchers sequenced the Neanderthal mitochondria 35 times to ensure their findings were as accurate as possible.
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