From the abc.net.au article:
The solar wind paints earth’s skies with auroras and pushes solar sails through space. But just how the streams of electrically charged particles flow out of the sun has been a mystery until now.
Like most phenomena associated with stars, the process is violent, international scientists have discovered.
Pockets of hot gases on the sun’s surface, which pool around bright knots of magnetic activity, spurt out into space when the sun’s snarling, snaking magnetic fields collide.
“[The phenomenon] has been debated for many years,” says Professor Louise Harra, a University College London researcher who this week unveiled the sun’s secret at a Royal Astronomical Society meeting in Belfast.
Harra planned to show images from the orbiting Hinode spacecraft showing magnetic fields linking two bright spots on the sun.
The spots are nearly 500 million kilometres apart, a distance equivalent to 40 earths placed side by side.
When the magnetic fields smashed into each other, charged gases flew out in all directions, forming the solar wind.
“It is fantastic to finally be able to pinpoint the source,” Harra says, adding that the next step is to figure out how the wind is transported through the solar system.
The solar wind permeates the solar system, defining its shape and scope, as it blasts along at 200 kilometres per second on the slow days.
During snappier binges, strong gusts blasting into earth’s magnetic bubble can have a myriad ramifications from the beautiful and benign aurora above earth’s poles to the shutdown of power and communications systems on the planet.
Read the rest of the article here.